Sharmshakti Portal – central government. is introduced Shram Shakti Portal or National Tribal Migration Assistance Portal To create a central database of migrants. This new portal and app of migrants will be operated by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs. This portal for migrants will directly capture and upload the migration data at the village level. The practice has come into stream after the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic brought the spotlight on an invisible population.
Shram Shakti Portal (National Migration Assistance Portal)
Shram Shakti Portal or National Tribal Migration Assistance Portal will enable the Central Govt. To keep a database of migrants. The data collection exercise is expected to start soon, Goa will be the first to set up its migration cell in January 2021. Another state, Odisha, will start its data collection process in February 2021.
Features of National Tribal Migration Assistance Portal
Since there is no central database for migrants, a standardized questionnaire has been developed. This questionnaire has been integrated with the National Tribal Migration Assistance Portal and Mobile Application by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs. Tribal Research Institute (TRI), Odisha, along with civil society organizations, is developing standard operating procedures for data collection across India.
Government order on data collection of migrants
The Ministry of Tribal Affairs has issued a government order to all TRIs in 26 states for data collection. Apart from Goa, Odisha, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Telangana and Sikkim have agreed to start work on data collection. An official said that the MoTA will analyze the data to address the concerns of tribal migrants through policy and schemes. A questionnaire with data collection guidelines will be provided to enumerators in any state that decides to start the process.
Indicators of Nationwide Tribal Migration Data on Shramshakti Portal
The indicators for collecting nationwide tribal migration data on Shram Shakti Portal are as follows:-
- Basic Socioeconomic Profile of Migrant Tribals
- Skill-Mapping of Migrating Tribals
- Migration Pattern of Migrants
- Work profile of each migrant tribal
- Daily income for access to basic services such as health, education and food during migration.
Goa receives an estimated 4 lakh migrants every year from states like Odisha, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Bihar, UP and Karnataka.
Uploading data on National Tribal Migration Assistance Portal
In a multi-departmental exercise, Goa will provide training to grassroot level functionaries associated with public outreach schemes like NREGA and National Urban Livelihoods Mission to collect data. The data will be uploaded on a portal which will be available centrally to the Ministries and States for analysis and policy-planning.
Even the data of tribal migrants will be available electronically and will be visible through dashboards at various levels. These levels include village, block, district, state and national levels. However, the details of the migrants surveyed will be kept safe keeping in mind the data privacy norms.
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Tribal Livelihood Migration Studies
The findings and recommendations of the Tribal Livelihood Migration Study conducted in 12 states between 2017- 2019 by civil society organization Disha Foundation, commissioned by MoTA, are also being studied to address the concerns of migrants. Source states (Jharkhand, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh) and destination states (Punjab, Gujarat, Delhi, Kerala, Goa, Maharashtra, Telangana) were included in the study.
The study indicates that migration of most of the tribal population is driven by the crisis and the comparatively high daily wage rate in the destination states was a major factor. For example, an unskilled laborer in Kerala gets wages two and a half times higher than the prevailing wages in Kota and Varanasi. Driven by vulnerabilities, migrants are joining the informal labor force as contract workers in the construction industry and domestic workers in major cities where they face unsafe conditions and wage-related harassment among other concerns.
Launch of Shram Shakti Portal
Union Minister for Tribal Affairs Shri Arjun Munda has launched Shramshakti Portal through video conferencing on 22nd January 2021. This National Migration Assistance Portal has been launched today at an event held in Panjim, Goa. This will effectively help in the smooth formulation of state and national level programs for migrant workers. He also launched a tribal migration cell, a tribal museum in Goa and “Shram Saathi”, a training manual for migrant workers. Goa Chief Minister Pramod Sawant also launched a dedicated Migration Cell in Goa to facilitate and support the migrants coming from different states. Goa.
labor force national migration assistance tribal need
Lack of real-time data on migrants was the biggest challenge for the state and national governments in taking effective strategy and policy decisions for the welfare of migrant workers in both the source and destination states. Migrants all over the country suffered after the lockdown was announced due to the pandemic caused by the corona virus. The migration of the tribal population is driven by crisis and migrants face difficult and unsafe conditions. Sometimes they have to face issues of trafficking or wage harassment including several occupational hazards at the workplace.
Now the tribal migration repository will be able to bridge the labor force data gap and empower migrant workers who generally migrate in search of employment and income generation. It will also help the government to link the migrant population with the existing welfare scheme under Atmanirbhar Bharat. Various data to be entered through the labor force include demographic profile, livelihood options, skill mapping and migration patterns.